AI is a computer skill or machine to do the tasks that eventually need human intelligence. Usually, it is a robot or a machine that acts and thinks like a human brain. It has become very famous in our times as it is expanding in various areas of our lives by utilizing the idea of making computers study and handle the multifaceted tasks that previously needed human intelligence.
The main reason behind the AI development is a mechanization in people’s modern lives as it positively affects our lives. At the same time, the Indian legal system has witnessed a meager improvement concerning technology as lawyers are still using the decade-old methods. Hence, this blog deals with AI and how it can be used by advocates, law firms, and people and companies governed by the law. It covers the relationship betwixt AI and law in education, research and innovation practices.
Benefits of AI for law professionals
Due diligence – it is a method that includes a large number of operating hours as litigators are needed to review various documents. It contains legal research, contract review, electronic discovery, and it is challenging to convert and organize them in a small amount of time. Hence, with AI technology, the arduous work can be done with ease.
Research works – are complex and time-demanding in nature and it needs long time attention. Hence, by AI technology, law researchers can finish their work efficiently and effectively promptly as it offers relevant material in only a few clicks. This would optimize the legal research, and lawyers can get sufficient time for specializing in legal negotiation, analysis, and strategy instead of devoting time to regular tasks as computers can do tasks quicker than humans.
Technological forecast: AI software system forecasts the potential outcome of a pending or a new case instituted in the court. Machine learning software can collect tons of data, and this data would be used to build the forecast. These types of information can also be reliable.
Analyzing the legal documents: AI software system assists legal practitioners in finding the precedent law and offers judgments to be used in the present ones.
Automated billing – AI software system assists in the preparation of invoices for the lawyers in step with work done by them. By this, the law firm and lawyers would decipher the exact amount of stipend’s bill of the work completed by the practitioner underneath him/her. It would jointly permit lawyers to spend more time dealing with client matters.
Challenges for AI in the Indian Law.
Senior lawyers are reluctant to adopt modern technologies like AI
AI is a brand-new invention in law. Lawyers are reluctant to use this technology due to the hoax that it would snatch their jobs and might create unemployment in India.
It is expensive
AI machine requires tremendous amount as the investment in cash, and it is challenging for small lawyers and law firms to afford it.
Protection of personal data
AI is created to keep the private data of parties. Hence, it is requisite to keep the client’s personal information safe and protected. Data protection measures must be taken by AI providers to protect client’s information.
Legal liability and identity – nowadays, AI has no legal identity, and it is a topic of discussion about whether it has its rights and duties. As what if the software does something wrong. Who would be liable for it? Such types of problems are there in the legal background for its liability.
It can be deduced that AI in law has numerous advantages. Firstly, it is beneficial for law firms to do many works like collecting data, due diligence, research work, etc. Moreover
Though it would not replace the lawyers but provides a helping hand to them, it does not have emotional intelligence; hence it cannot take the place of lawyers. Technological advancement helps lawyers in doing their work very efficiently and quickly. It is hard to imagine the future of the Indian legal system without AI software as it would help solve the complex questions of the parties involved.
It might occur that AI would replace the manual work of experts, and the role of lawyers in front of the court might be the only role they can play. As of now, it has been implemented in many legal areas. Some of the challenges can be resolved by protection and integration. A balanced approach needs to be taken to adopt it for the effective execution of AI. We need data protection law for AI users while recovering, managing and using the data.
AI can open the doors of opportunities for lawyers and law firms. In the future, lawyers and law firms trained in AI want to adopt emerging technologies. Tremendous opportunities are lying on the road of the implementation of AI in the Indian legal system. It has a dual impact on the legal sector. Though, it has its pros and cons as well. But with a cautious approach, it can be resolved.