When is Corporate restructuring required? Its Characteristics and Types

Published On: Sep 1, 2020Last Updated: Oct 14, 20234.7 min read

During economic downturns, corporate restructuring becomes a buzzword. An organization that undergoes a challenging financial scenario must fully understand the restructuring process. Although restructuring is a generic word for any company changes, this word is generally associated with financial troubles.

Definition of Corporate Restructuring

Corporate restructuring is an organizational initiative taken to change the company’s structure or operations dramatically. This typically occurs when there are significant issues and financial risks to an organization. The restructuring also requires ways of reducing the scale of the business. Corporate restructuring is essential to remove all financial difficulties and improve the company’s performance.

Also Read: Corporate Governance: Principles, Advantages, and Disadvantages

Legal and financial specialists are hired by distressed management to assist in negotiations and trade agreements. To make unpopular and challenging decisions to save or restructure the company to even hitting a stage where it appoints a new CEO. The company will generally examine the funding of its debt, growing its operations and selling the company’s share to interested investors.

Characteristics of Corporate Restructuring

  • Workers decrease the number of lay-offs (by cut-off or auction-off)
  • Developments in the management of businesses.
  • Discarding, for example, brands/patents protection, underused tools.
  • Reapproaching his duties, such as professional financial help, to an increasingly productive outsider.
  • Transfer of tasks, for instance, move the assembly to reduce costs.
  • Renewal of resources, such as the promotion, transaction, and dissemination of information.
  • Overhead reduction renegotiation of work agreements.
  • The rearrangement or renegotiation of the intrigue installment limitation obligation.
  • Push a marketing campaign as a brand revival to its clients everywhere.

Important Aspects to be considered in Corporate Restructuring Strategies

  • Legitimate and procedural issues
  • Bookkeeping angles
  • Human and Cultural cooperative energies
  • Valuation and subsidizing
  • Tax assessment and Stamp obligation viewpoints
  • Rivalry angles and so forth.

Types of Corporate Restructuring

Money related Restructuring

This form of reconstruction may occur due to a serious fall in general transactions in the light of unfavorable financial conditions. The corporate substance can change its concept of value, its adjustment plan for obligations, the value property and its cross-holding design. This is to help the business and the organization’s advantage.

Hierarchical Restructuring

Organizational reform proposes an alteration of an organization’s authoritative structure.

Divesting in assets

There are different ways a company can reduce its size. The methods by which a division is isolated from its operations are as follows:


A corporation sells, liquidates or spins a subsidiary or a division under divestitures. The divestiture standard is usually the direct selling of the divisions to an external buyer. The selling company collects cash compensation and ownership of the division is passed to the new purchaser.

Equity Carve-outs

With equity carvings, a new and independent business is formed by diluting the equity interest in the division and the sale to external shareholders. The new subsidiary’s shares are sold in a general public offer, and the new subsidiary, with operations and management removed from the corporation, becomes a distinct legal entity.


The corporation establishes a new entity under by-products, which is different from the initial business of equity carve-outs. The critical difference is that the shares are not sold in public. Instead, the stakes are allocated proportionately to existing shareholders. This ensures that the same investment base as the original company is entirely separate from operations and management. Since the new subsidiary’s stocks are sold to its shareholders, this exchange does not reimburse the corporation for cash.


With split-offs, shareholders receive new trading stocks for their existing stocks in the company by the company’s subsidiary. The rationale here is that the shareholders leave the company to accept the new subsidiary stocks.


A business is broken down under liquidation and properties or units are sold piece by piece. Liquidations are commonly synonymous with bankruptcies.

Also Read: Reverse Merger – Features, Challenges and Pros & Cons

Reasons for Corporate Restructuring

Corporate restructuring is implemented under the following scenarios:

1. Change in the Strategy

The management of a struggling business aims to boost the organization’s efficiency by withdrawing those branches or divisions that are not in line with the company’s core focus. The division does not seem strategically suitable for the company’s long-term vision. Therefore, the company aims to concentrate on its core strategies and market these assets more efficiently to customers.

2. Lack of Profits

It can not be sufficiently lucrative to offset the company’s capital expenditures and cause the company economic loss. The division’s poor performance may result from the management’s misguided decision to launch the division or a drop in profitability because of higher service costs and increasing customer requirements.

3. Reverse Synergy

This definition compares with the M&A synergy principles, where a consolidated entity is worth more than the individual components. The individual parts may be worth more than the total unit depending on the reverse synergy. This is a common explanation of why assets are divided. The organization may choose to free up more value from a division by splitting it into a third party instead of possessing it.

4. Cash Flow Requirement

A division sale will help to build a massive cash inflow for the business. If the organization is struggling with financing, an asset’s sale is a fast solution to raising capital and reducing debt.


The company will continue to work in any way, thanks to corporate restructuring. The company’s management attempts to take all necessary steps to keep the company running. And when the worst arises and the company is forced into parts due to financial difficulties, it is still hoped that the divested parts will work well enough to allow the buyer to take the weakened business and return it to profitability.

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Shalini Mathur
About the Author

Shalini Mathur

Shalini Mathur is associated with LegalWiz.in as Operational Executive of the Company, handling various MCA related compliance and various legal drafting.