Convert Partnership to LLP

Get entry into flexible corporate structure with Limited Liability

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Convert Partnership to LLP

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Convert partnership to LLP

Limited Liability Partnerships have an upper hand over the general partnership structure as it is much more beneficial for the partners involved. LLP is a separate legal entity with compulsory registration with the central government, which is not the case with the partnership. It is a business structure that integrates the advantages of the company’s corporate structure and the flexibility of the partnership, i.e. for organizing their internal composition and operation as a partnership. Therefore conversion of partnership firm into LLP is a good business decision to secure the partners’ rights and limit their liabilities.

Benefits of partnership to LLP conversion

Documents Required for the partnership to LLP conversion

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Formulation of LLP Name

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Process for Partnership to LLP Conversion

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Private Limited CompanyOne Person CompanyLimited Liability PartnershipPartnership FirmProprietorship Firm
ActCompanies Act, 2013Companies Act, 2013Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008Indian Partnership Act, 1932No specified Act
Registration RequirementMandatoryMandatoryMandatoryOptionalNo
Registration under the Act is mandatory to set up business as Private Limited CompanyRegistration under the Act is mandatory to set up business as One Person CompanyRegistration under the Act is mandatory to set up business as Limited Liability PartnershipBoth registered and unregistered partnerships are legal, but registered entity is preferredThere is no registration criteria prescribed. But registration to establish legal identity is recommended
Number of members2 – 200Only 12 – Unlimited2 – 50Only 1
Requires minimum 2 and not more than 200 shareholdersOnly an individual being Indian resident can be the shareholderNo bar to maximum number of partners, but minimum 2 Designated Partners are requiredIt is formed with minimum 2 partners, but not exceeding 50The proprietor is the only owner of the firm
Separate Legal EntityYesYesYesNoNo
Private Company is separate entity and can own assets in its nameOPC is separate entity and can own assets in its nameLLP is separate entity from partners and can own assets in its namePartnership firm does not have any separate identity from its partnersProprietor and the business are same and not different
Liability ProtectionLimitedLimitedLimitedUnlimitedUnlimited
Liability of members is limited to the extent of unpaid value of shares subscribedLiability of member is limited to the extent of unpaid value of shares subscribedLiability of partners is limited to the capital amount agreed to introducePartners are jointly and severally liable to pay the debts of the Partnership FirmProprietor’s liability is to pay-off all debts and obligation of firm
Statutory AuditMandatoryMandatoryDependentNot mandatoryNot mandatory
Auditor must be appointed within 30 days of incorporationAuditor must be appointed within 30 days of incorporationApplicable when turnover exceeds INR 40 Lakh or contribution exceeds INR 25 LakhStatutory audit not applicable. Tax audit may be applicable based on turnoverStatutory audit not applicable. Tax audit may be applicable based on turnover
Ownership TransferabilityShares can be transferred with consent to other ShareholdersNoYesNoNo
Shares can be transferred with consent to other ShareholdersShares are not transferable easilyOwnership can be changed with consent of other partnersOwnership is not transferable easily, clause of partnership deed should be referredFirm in no different from proprietor and so ownership is not transferable
Uninterrupted ExistenceYesYesYesNoNo
Change in members or director does not affect the existence of Private CompanyChange in members or director does not affect the existence of OPC.
The nominee will take place of member
Change in Partners or Designated Partners does not affect the existence of LLPChange in partner leads to dissolution or formation of another partnership firmDeath or insolvency of proprietor directly affects the firm
Foreign ParticipationAllowedNot AllowedAllowedNot AllowedNot Allowed
Foreign national are allowed to invest under the Automatic RouteMember, nominee and director must be Indian residentForeign nationals are allowed to subject to FDI GuidelinesForeign nationals are not allowed to be a partnerForeign Nationals cannot commence proprietorship business
Tax RatesModerateModerateHighHighLow
Tax rate applicable for small companies is reduced to 25%Tax rate applicable for small companies is reduced to 25%With tax rate of 30% on business profit, tax benefits to partners is highWith tax rate of 30% on business profit, tax benefits to partners is highTax rates of individual applied to Proprietorship Firm
Statutory CompliancesHighModerateModerateLessLess
Apart from Annual filings, it has to comply with various provision laid down, but less compared to public companyApart from Annual filing, compliance are less compared to Private CompanyAnnual filing and few event based filings are necessarySeparate ITR of partnership is filed, else there are no filing requirementNo compliances and no requirement to file separate ITR
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Explore partnership to LLP conversion

Frequently Asked Questions

The partnership is required to consist of the same partners that were present in the original Partnership and in the same proportion in which their capital accounts stood in the books of the Firm on the date of conversion. Therefore, the LLP cannot have more or less partners than the extant Partnership Firm, and any changes in the number of partners can be made only after conversion into the LLP.

LLP name is reserved through an online form. In accordance with the prescribed regulations, the partners can provide a maximum of 6 names in preferential order to reserve any one. The Registrar may ask to re-submit the application with a different name if given names do not fall under criteria of uniqueness, relevancy or do not fulfill the other requirements.

No. There is no minimum amount prescribed to form an LLP. It can start off with any amount of capital demanded by the business. Although there is no minimum requirement, every partner must make a contribution to LLP. The amount of capital contribution is disclosed in the LLP Agreement and amount of stamp duty to be paid is decided by total contribution amount.

Director Identification Number is a unique number assigned by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs to Individuals on application made which allows any individual to be a Director in any Company or Designated Partner in LLP. Further, the concept of DPIN (Designated Partner Identification Number) does not persist anymore with respect to incorporation of LLP.

There are no limitations in terms of citizenship or residency to be a Partner. Therefore, the LLP Act, 2008 allows Foreign Nationals, including Foreign Companies & LLPs to incorporate LLP in India; provided at least one Designated Partner is a resident of India. However, the person should be of age 18 years or above i.e. not a minor and competent to enter into a contract. Also, the proposed Designated Partner shall have DIN.

LLP Agreement is an agreement executed by all the designated partners and partners after LLP incorporation. The agreement prescribes all the clauses related to business; including the rights, role, duties and responsibilities of partners. The agreement must be filed within 30 days of the issue of a certificate of incorporation. Failure to which will charge an additional fee of ₹ 100 per day till the date of filing.

To effect any changes in the Limited Liability Partnership, the Partners shall pass the resolution at the meeting of Partners as required by the LLP Agreement of concerned Limited Liability Partnership. Further, the resolution shall authorize any of the existing Designated Partner to act on behalf of the LLP and its Partners. Also, the authorized partners shall also hold a valid DSC to file the application to Registrar. As soon as the partners execute the Supplement Agreement for a change of partner or their respective designation, an application shall be filed with MCA to approve the changes of a partner or the designation.

LLP and general partnership are treated equivalently (except for recovery purpose) in the Act; the conversion from a general partnership firm to LLP will have no tax implication. This is true if the rights and obligation of the partners remain the same after conversion and if there is no transfer of any asset or liability after the conversion. If there is a violation of these conditions, the provision of capital gain will apply.

Generally, the basic purpose of conversion is for keeping the same name to maintain the brand identity in the market. To convert the LLP under the original name it is essential to attach any valid proof that corroborates the claim of use of the brand name by the firm.in such cases, MCA grants the approval on the basis of documents attached in the concerned form for name reservation.

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Till date, it is a very good experience with the team, especially Ms. Pooja & Ms. Krishna done their jobs very nicely. Thanks to the entire team for their support.

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August, 2018

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August, 2018

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July, 2018

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July, 2018

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July, 2018

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July, 2018

Very Good services. Bhagya dealt very nicely

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June, 2018

Very quick service for incorporation of the company. Fastest among other service providers in the country. Regards, Sambhaji

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June, 2018
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Convert Partnership to LLP

Get entry into flexible corporate structure with Limited Liability
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