Convert Private Limited Company to Public Limited Company

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Convert Private Limited Company to Public Limited Company

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Know about Conversion of a Private Limited Company into Public Limited Company

Conversion of Private Company into a Public Company opens a new door of opportunities, especially in the form of fundraising and reach of the market. The company can raise funds through Public Issue and accept deposits too. This structure is appropriate for the medium and large scale businesses. The conversion will be followed by the approval from Government and alteration to MoA & AoA.

Further, a minimum of 7 members and 3 directors are required for conversion of Pvt Ltd to Public Ltd. The rights, liabilities, powers, and obligations remain the same for the company even after the conversion. Transfer of shares is possible as the restriction on transfer is removed on conversion.

Benefits of Conversion of Private Limited into Public Limited

Documents Required for Conversion of Private Company to Public Company

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Convert Private limited to Public Company in 3 Easy Steps

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Process of conversion into Public Company

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Private Limited CompanyOne Person CompanyLimited Liability PartnershipPartnership FirmProprietorship Firm
ActCompanies Act, 2013Companies Act, 2013Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008Indian Partnership Act, 1932No specified Act
Registration RequirementMandatoryMandatoryMandatoryOptionalNo
Registration under the Act is mandatory to set up business as Private Limited CompanyRegistration under the Act is mandatory to set up business as One Person CompanyRegistration under the Act is mandatory to set up business as Limited Liability PartnershipBoth registered and unregistered partnerships are legal, but registered entity is preferredThere is no registration criteria prescribed. But registration to establish legal identity is recommended
Number of members2 – 200Only 12 – Unlimited2 – 50Only 1
Requires minimum 2 and not more than 200 shareholdersOnly an individual being Indian resident can be the shareholderNo bar to maximum number of partners, but minimum 2 Designated Partners are requiredIt is formed with minimum 2 partners, but not exceeding 50The proprietor is the only owner of the firm
Separate Legal EntityYesYesYesNoNo
Private Company is separate entity and can own assets in its nameOPC is separate entity and can own assets in its nameLLP is separate entity from partners and can own assets in its namePartnership firm does not have any separate identity from its partnersProprietor and the business are same and not different
Liability ProtectionLimitedLimitedLimitedUnlimitedUnlimited
Liability of members is limited to the extent of unpaid value of shares subscribedLiability of member is limited to the extent of unpaid value of shares subscribedLiability of partners is limited to the capital amount agreed to introducePartners are jointly and severally liable to pay the debts of the Partnership FirmProprietor’s liability is to pay-off all debts and obligation of firm
Statutory AuditMandatoryMandatoryDependentNot mandatoryNot mandatory
Auditor must be appointed within 30 days of incorporationAuditor must be appointed within 30 days of incorporationApplicable when turnover exceeds INR 40 Lakh or contribution exceeds INR 25 LakhStatutory audit not applicable. Tax audit may be applicable based on turnoverStatutory audit not applicable. Tax audit may be applicable based on turnover
Ownership TransferabilityRestrictedNoYesNoNo
Shares can be transferred with consent to other ShareholdersShares are not transferable easilyOwnership can be changed with consent of other partnersOwnership is not transferable easily, clause of partnership deed should be referredFirm in no different from proprietor and so ownership is not transferable
Uninterrupted ExistenceYesYesYesNoNo
Change in members or director does not affect the existence of Private CompanyChange in members or director does not affect the existence of OPC.
The nominee will take place of member
Change in Partners or Designated Partners does not affect the existence of LLPChange in partner leads to dissolution or formation of another partnership firmDeath or insolvency of proprietor directly affects the firm
Foreign ParticipationAllowedNot AllowedAllowedNot AllowedNot Allowed
Foreign national are allowed to invest under the Automatic RouteMember, nominee and director must be Indian residentForeign nationals are allowed to subject to FDI GuidelinesForeign nationals are not allowed to be a partnerForeign Nationals cannot commence proprietorship business
Tax RatesModerateModerateHighHighLow
Tax rate applicable for small companies is reduced to 25%Tax rate applicable for small companies is reduced to 25%With tax rate of 30% on business profit, tax benefits to partners is highWith tax rate of 30% on business profit, tax benefits to partners is highTax rates of individual applied to Proprietorship Firm
Statutory CompliancesHighModerateModerateLessLess
Apart from Annual filings, it has to comply with various provision laid down, but less compared to public companyApart from Annual filing, compliance are less compared to Private CompanyAnnual filing and few event based filings are necessarySeparate ITR of partnership is filed, else there are no filing requirementNo compliances and no requirement to file separate ITR
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Frequently Asked Questions

The primary requirement to incorporate a public limited company is that it requires minimum 7 shareholders and 3 directors. The minimum Authorised Capital of the company is prescribed to ₹ 5 Lakhs instead of ₹ 1 Lakh in case of Private Company.

The suffix “Private Limited” will be replaced with “Limited.” For this change, the company has to seek permission from the shareholders and after that make the required changes in the MoA to get it amended.

Since the Public limited company deals with the public’s money, it requires taking measures which increase the statutory compliance on its part. The regulatory liabilities are not restricted to the income tax but with ROC/MCA, SEBI, RBI, etc. It is important to take extra measures as the stakes are pretty high than any other company.

Once the name approval letter is received from the ROC, the MoA and AoA are required to be drafted. The name clause and capital clause are altered along with the removal of restriction to Private Company as provided by definition.

The company can start its business operations as a Public Company on receipt of the fresh Certificate of Incorporation from RoC.

Legalwiz.in can help you convert your Private limited into a Public Limited Company within 20-25 working days. The time taken for conversion will depend on the submission of relevant documents by the client and speed of Government Approvals. To ensure speedy conversion, one should ensure that all the required documents are submitted.

No. As the company’s PAN details remain same, there is no need of new registration. However, application of modification must be made for name change in records. LegalWiz.in can help you apply for modification at an additional cost.

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Call us at: 1800 313 4151 or Email us: support@legalwiz.in

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