Convert Proprietorship to Private Limited Company

Scale your business from Proprietorship to Pvt. Ltd Company to multiply business growth

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Convert Proprietorship to Private Limited Company

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Conversion from Proprietorship to Private Limited Company

Initially, when a business is established, the most preferred choice is a sole proprietorship structure because of its low compliance requirements. Once the business grows, it is essential to take steps to limit the liabilities and reduce the burden of compliance on a single person. The best way out over here is to convert proprietorship to private limited company. For the purpose of conversion of sole proprietor to a private limited company, it is necessary by the promoters of the company to indulge into an agreement which is to be made for selling the business. Further, such conversion from sole proprietorship to Private Limited Company must have clearly mentioned about “the takeover of a Sole Proprietorship Concern” as one of the objectives in its Memorandum of Association.

Benefits of conversion from Sole Proprietorship to Private Limited Company

Documents required for conversion to a Private Company

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Convert Proprietorship Firm into private ltd. company in 3 Easy Steps

*Subject to Government processing time

Process of conversion of proprietorship to Pvt. Ltd.

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Compare different business structures to choose the right entity type

Private Limited CompanyOne Person CompanyLimited Liability PartnershipPartnership FirmProprietorship Firm
ActCompanies Act, 2013Companies Act, 2013Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008Indian Partnership Act, 1932No specified Act
Registration RequirementMandatoryMandatoryMandatoryOptionalNo
Registration under the Act is mandatory to set up business as Private Limited CompanyRegistration under the Act is mandatory to set up business as One Person CompanyRegistration under the Act is mandatory to set up business as Limited Liability PartnershipBoth registered and unregistered partnerships are legal, but registered entity is preferredThere is no registration criteria prescribed. But registration to establish legal identity is recommended
Number of members2 – 200Only 12 – Unlimited2 – 50Only 1
Requires minimum 2 and not more than 200 shareholdersOnly an individual being Indian resident can be the shareholderNo bar to maximum number of partners, but minimum 2 Designated Partners are requiredIt is formed with minimum 2 partners, but not exceeding 50The proprietor is the only owner of the firm
Separate Legal EntityYesYesYesNoNo
Private Company is separate entity and can own assets in its nameOPC is separate entity and can own assets in its nameLLP is separate entity from partners and can own assets in its namePartnership firm does not have any separate identity from its partnersProprietor and the business are same and not different
Liability ProtectionLimitedLimitedLimitedUnlimitedUnlimited
Liability of members is limited to the extent of unpaid value of shares subscribedLiability of member is limited to the extent of unpaid value of shares subscribedLiability of partners is limited to the capital amount agreed to introducePartners are jointly and severally liable to pay the debts of the Partnership FirmProprietor’s liability is to pay-off all debts and obligation of firm
Statutory AuditMandatoryMandatoryDependentNot mandatoryNot mandatory
Auditor must be appointed within 30 days of incorporationAuditor must be appointed within 30 days of incorporationApplicable when turnover exceeds INR 40 Lakh or contribution exceeds INR 25 LakhStatutory audit not applicable. Tax audit may be applicable based on turnoverStatutory audit not applicable. Tax audit may be applicable based on turnover
Ownership TransferabilityShares can be transferred with consent to other ShareholdersNoYesNoNo
Shares can be transferred with consent to other ShareholdersShares are not transferable easilyOwnership can be changed with consent of other partnersOwnership is not transferable easily, clause of partnership deed should be referredFirm in no different from proprietor and so ownership is not transferable
Uninterrupted ExistenceYesYesYesNoNo
Change in members or director does not affect the existence of Private CompanyChange in members or director does not affect the existence of OPC.
The nominee will take place of member
Change in Partners or Designated Partners does not affect the existence of LLPChange in partner leads to dissolution or formation of another partnership firmDeath or insolvency of proprietor directly affects the firm
Foreign ParticipationAllowedNot AllowedAllowedNot AllowedNot Allowed
Foreign national are allowed to invest under the Automatic RouteMember, nominee and director must be Indian residentForeign nationals are allowed to subject to FDI GuidelinesForeign nationals are not allowed to be a partnerForeign Nationals cannot commence proprietorship business
Tax RatesModerateModerateHighHighLow
Tax rate applicable for small companies is reduced to 25%Tax rate applicable for small companies is reduced to 25%With tax rate of 30% on business profit, tax benefits to partners is highWith tax rate of 30% on business profit, tax benefits to partners is highTax rates of individual applied to Proprietorship Firm
Statutory CompliancesHighModerateModerateLessLess
Apart from Annual filings, it has to comply with various provision laid down, but less compared to public companyApart from Annual filing, compliance are less compared to Private CompanyAnnual filing and few event based filings are necessarySeparate ITR of partnership is filed, else there are no filing requirementNo compliances and no requirement to file separate ITR
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Explore conversion of sole proprietorship to Private Company in India

Frequently Asked Questions

A Pvt. Ltd. company would need two or more members who shall act for as directors of the said company. It is a general practice that the shareholders of the company play the role of directors. It does not require any minimum amount to be infused as capital. However, a certain fee must be paid to the Government for issuing a minimum of shares worth ₹ 1 lakh [Authorized Share Capital] during company registration. Also, there is no requirement to show proof of capital invested during the registration process.

Starting a business under the Pvt. Ltd structure is advantageous as it creates trust and credibility. Its easier to get loans, and it helps in attracting more financial institutions, suppliers and potential clients. financial institutions and individuals prefer investing in companies that are reliable and private limited companies offer such a reliability factor, as compared to a structure like a sole proprietorship or general partnership. Therefore if you are looking for expanding or trustworthiness is an important part of business its a very good option

Once a Company is incorporated, it will be active and in existence as long as the annual compliances are met regularly. In case, annual compliances are not complied with, the Company will become a Dormant Company and maybe struck off from the register after a period of time. A struck-off Company can be revived for a period of up to 20 years.

The company must hold a Board Meeting at least once in every 3 months. In addition to the Board Meetings, an Annual General Meeting (AGM) must be conducted at least once every year. Fulfillment of Annual Compliance Requirements is a must to maintain the active status of the company.

Ministry has introduced a new form “RUN” (Reserve Unique Name) for company name registration on its portal. Under “RUN”, the applicant can make application by providing 2 different names with its significance. The names should be unique and in accordance with the provisions.

All the assets and liabilities of the sole proprietary concern relating to the business are considered to be purchased by the newly formed company. This makes the sole proprietor liable to pay taxes for any capital gains calculated on such transfer. However, there is a provision under section 47(xiv) of the Income Tax Act, which lays down certain conditions for exemption from any capital gains i.e.; if they are transferred immediately before the succession, it becomes the assets and liabilities of the company.

Any person is eligible to be a shareholder while registration or afterwards. A Body Corporate such as company or LLP; and Association of Persons (AOP) such as Society or Trust can also hold shares in a company. Further, a group of persons can jointly hold the share in the company.

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Till date, it is a very good experience with the team, especially Ms. Pooja & Ms. Krishna done their jobs very nicely. Thanks to the entire team for their support.

Arup Modak
August, 2018

Really happy with your service, affordable price, and an excellent support. Best wishes team!

Gopiraj chandran
August, 2018

It was a pleasure to deal with Legalwiz team , I would definitely like to say that the team is efficient , client centric and professional , they made the entire process look so simple n easy . I would anytime in future will deal with Legalwiz and will definitely definitely recommend it without any hesitation to all my friends and in my business cirlce. Thanks team .. Thanks a lot Garvi

Smart Stitch
July, 2018

Overall I am satisfied with the services. Aushi and Juhi both are dedicated. thanks

Manoj Lala
July, 2018

Very good service

Abdul Bari
July, 2018

Will definitely work with your firm again!! Thank You Ms. Ayushi for your kind support!!

Urvi Shah
July, 2018

Very Good services. Bhagya dealt very nicely

Naveen Gupta
June, 2018

Very quick service for incorporation of the company. Fastest among other service providers in the country. Regards, Sambhaji

Sambhaji Kadam
June, 2018
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Convert Proprietorship to Private Limited Company

Scale your business from Proprietorship to Pvt. Ltd Company to multiply business growth
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