Convert Private Limited Company to LLP

Convert to more simple business structure leaving behind complex business compliances

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Convert Private Limited Company to LLP

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Conversion of a private company to LLP

LLP structure offers the benefits of both – a partnership and a company. Therefore, by converting the company to LLP, the business gains more operational flexibility. The characteristics of being a separate legal entity and limited liability remain the same. Further, the operations and management come directly in hands of the LLP partner(s) unlike in Private Company where it is with the director(s).

LLP is governed by the LLP Agreement executed by the Partners. It has lesser compliance requirements and it is easier to operate. It preserves the benefits of a partnership with providing security and credibility to a company. The conversion of Private limited to LLP must be followed by the approval of the Ministry by the online application providing necessary documents.

Benefits of converting Pvt. Ltd Company to LLP

Documents required to convert Private limited company to LLP

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Covert Private Limited company into LLP in 3 Easy Steps

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Process of conversion into LLP

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Private Limited CompanyOne Person CompanyLimited Liability PartnershipPartnership FirmProprietorship Firm
ActCompanies Act, 2013Companies Act, 2013Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008Indian Partnership Act, 1932No specified Act
Registration RequirementMandatoryMandatoryMandatoryOptionalNo
Registration under the Act is mandatory to set up business as Private Limited CompanyRegistration under the Act is mandatory to set up business as One Person CompanyRegistration under the Act is mandatory to set up business as Limited Liability PartnershipBoth registered and unregistered partnerships are legal, but registered entity is preferredThere is no registration criteria prescribed. But registration to establish legal identity is recommended
Number of members2 – 200Only 12 – Unlimited2 – 50Only 1
Requires minimum 2 and not more than 200 shareholdersOnly an individual being Indian resident can be the shareholderNo bar to maximum number of partners, but minimum 2 Designated Partners are requiredIt is formed with minimum 2 partners, but not exceeding 50The proprietor is the only owner of the firm
Separate Legal EntityYesYesYesNoNo
Private Company is separate entity and can own assets in its nameOPC is separate entity and can own assets in its nameLLP is separate entity from partners and can own assets in its namePartnership firm does not have any separate identity from its partnersProprietor and the business are same and not different
Liability ProtectionLimitedLimitedLimitedUnlimitedUnlimited
Liability of members is limited to the extent of unpaid value of shares subscribedLiability of member is limited to the extent of unpaid value of shares subscribedLiability of partners is limited to the capital amount agreed to introducePartners are jointly and severally liable to pay the debts of the Partnership FirmProprietor’s liability is to pay-off all debts and obligation of firm
Statutory AuditMandatoryMandatoryDependentNot mandatoryNot mandatory
Auditor must be appointed within 30 days of incorporationAuditor must be appointed within 30 days of incorporationApplicable when turnover exceeds INR 40 Lakh or contribution exceeds INR 25 LakhStatutory audit not applicable. Tax audit may be applicable based on turnoverStatutory audit not applicable. Tax audit may be applicable based on turnover
Ownership TransferabilityShares can be transferred with consent to other ShareholdersNoYesNoNo
Shares can be transferred with consent to other ShareholdersShares are not transferable easilyOwnership can be changed with consent of other partnersOwnership is not transferable easily, clause of partnership deed should be referredFirm in no different from proprietor and so ownership is not transferable
Uninterrupted ExistenceYesYesYesNoNo
Change in members or director does not affect the existence of Private CompanyChange in members or director does not affect the existence of OPC.
The nominee will take place of member
Change in Partners or Designated Partners does not affect the existence of LLPChange in partner leads to dissolution or formation of another partnership firmDeath or insolvency of proprietor directly affects the firm
Foreign ParticipationAllowedNot AllowedAllowedNot AllowedNot Allowed
Foreign national are allowed to invest under the Automatic RouteMember, nominee and director must be Indian residentForeign nationals are allowed to subject to FDI GuidelinesForeign nationals are not allowed to be a partnerForeign Nationals cannot commence proprietorship business
Tax RatesModerateModerateHighHighLow
Tax rate applicable for small companies is reduced to 25%Tax rate applicable for small companies is reduced to 25%With tax rate of 30% on business profit, tax benefits to partners is highWith tax rate of 30% on business profit, tax benefits to partners is highTax rates of individual applied to Proprietorship Firm
Statutory CompliancesHighModerateModerateLessLess
Apart from Annual filings, it has to comply with various provision laid down, but less compared to public companyApart from Annual filing, compliance are less compared to Private CompanyAnnual filing and few event based filings are necessarySeparate ITR of partnership is filed, else there are no filing requirementNo compliances and no requirement to file separate ITR
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Explore conversion of private company to LLP

Frequently Asked Questions

Following are the conditions for conversion:

–  All the members of the Company shall become the partners of the LLP on conversion.
– No security interest in the assets of the company should be subsisting or in force on the date of conversion i.e. the assets are free of any encumbrance.
– Up-to-date Income-tax return has been filed under the Income-tax Act, 1961.
– Any clearance, approval or permission for conversion of the company into Limited Liability Partnership, if required from anybody/ authority, etc. has been obtained.

On conversion of the Company/partnership into LLP, all tangible (movable or immovable) and intangible property vested in the company, all assets, interests, rights, privileges, liabilities, obligations relating to the company/firm and the whole of the undertaking of the company shall be transferred to and vest in the Limited Liability Partnership without further assurance, act, or deed.

It has been provided in the Act that on conversion, any approval, permit or license issued to the Private Company under any other Act shall; subject to the provisions of such other Act under which such approval, permit or license was issued, be transferred in the name of converted entity viz. LLP. Barring some registrations like GST  or which a new application needs to be filed.

LLPs are required to file an annual filing with the Registrar each year. However, if the LLP has a turnover of fewer than ₹40 Lakhs and/or has a capital contribution of fewer than ₹25 Lakhs, the financial statements needs no auditing.

A basic difference between the LLP and a company lays in the internal governance structure. The LLP has more flexibility and less compliance requirements compared to a Company.

Yes, the LLP Act 2008 allows Foreign Nationals including Foreign Companies & LLPs to incorporate LLP in India, provided at least one designated partner is resident of India. However, the LLP/Partners would have to comply with all the relevant Foreign Exchange Laws/ Rules/ Regulations/ Guidelines.

In case of conversion to LLP, the decision regarding capital gain, whether applicable or not, is subject to certain conditions. Any transfer of the capital asset or intangible asset or shares held in the company by a shareholder as a result of the conversion of the company into a Limited Liability Partnership would not be subject to Capital Gain. But if there is a change in shareholding i.e. change in the profit sharing ratio and benefit arises from the conversion, then the capital gain would be payable.

In most cases, the terms of the license become the deciding factor whether or not they can be transferred. Otherwise, fresh GST registration or FSSAI registration would have to be obtained by the promoters.

The application of PAN and TAN in the name of LLP shall be applied after the issuance of Certificate of Incorporation of LLP. The physical copy of the PAN will be received at the Registered Office only after being dispatched by the Income Tax Department.

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June, 2018

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Convert Private Limited Company to LLP

Convert to more simple business structure leaving behind complex business compliances
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